For Buyers

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Determine What You Can Afford

Purchasing a home involves one-time costs and monthly expenses. The largest one-time cost is the down payment, which typically represents between 5 - 25% of the total price of the property.
In addition to the actual purchase price, there are a number of other one-time expenses that you might be expected to pay for.

Obtain a Pre-Approved Mortgage

A home inspection will give you the information you need to make an informed decision. The inspector will determine the condition of the house you’re thinking about buying, and let you know if there are any problems. (And the great thing is, the inspector doesn’t care if you buy the house or not, so you can be sure he or she is being objective, even if you’re not.) If you have to make an offer before having a home inspection, make it conditional on a satisfactory inspection. If there are any problems, you have three options:
1. Walk away.
2. Use the results to negotiate a better price.
3. Give the seller a chance to fix the problem.

Typical One-Time Expenses



Mortgage Application & Appraisal Fee(if applicable) At time of application
Property inspection(optional) At inspection
Legal Fees Closing
Legal Disbursements Closing
Property Survey (sometimes provided by seller) Closing
Land Transfer, Deed Tax or Property Purchase Tax(in Quebec within 3 months following signing) Closing
Mortgage Interest Adjustment & Take Over Fee(if applicable) Closing
Adjustments for Utilities, Property Taxes, etc. Closing
Mortgage Insurance (and application fee if applicable Closing
Home and Property Insurance Closing & Ongoing

Monthly Expenses

Typical monthly costs incurred with home ownership are mortgage payments, maintenance, insurance, condo fees, property taxes and utilities.

The Major Elements of an Offer


Depending on local market conditions, your opinion of value, and marketing information provided by your Royal LePage REALTOR®, the price you offer may differ from the seller's asking price.


The deposit shows your good faith and will be applied against the purchase of the home when the sale closes. Your REALTOR® can advise you on an appropriate amount.


This includes the total price offered and the financing details. You may arrange your own financing or ask to assume the seller's mortgage, especially if it has an attractive interest rate.


These might include "subject to home inspection", "subject to buyer obtaining financing" or "subject to buyer selling their property".

Inclusions and Exclusions

These might include appliances and certain fixtures or decorative items such as window coverings and mirrors.

Closing and Possession Date

Generally, the day the title of the property is legally transferred and the transaction of funds finalized unless otherwise stated.

How to Make an Offer

When it comes time to make an offer, your Royal LePage REALTOR® canprovide current market information and will assist you in drafting your offer.

Your REALTOR® will communicate your offer, sometimes known as an Offer To Purchase*, to the seller, or the seller's representative, on your behalf. Sometimes there may be more than one offer on a property coming in at the same time. Your REALTOR® can guide you through this process.

*Offer To Purchase: a legal document which specifies the terms and conditions of your offer to purchase the home. The offer can be Firm or Conditional.

Firm Offer To Purchase

Usually preferable to the seller, because it means that you are prepared to purchase the home without any conditions. If the offer is accepted, the home is yours.

Conditional Offer To Purchase

Means that you have placed one or more conditions on the purchase, such as "subject to home inspection", subject to financing", or subject to sale of buyer's existing home". The home is not sold until all the conditions have been met. In the province of Quebec, this is referred to as a "Promise to Purchase".

Acceptance of the Offer

Your offer to Purchase will be presented as soon as possible. The seller may accept the offer, reject it, or submit a counter-offer. The couter-offer may be in reference to the price, the closing date, or any number of variables. The offers can go back and forth until both parties have agreed or one of you ends the negotiations.

Hire a Legal Professional

A legal professional is there to represent your interests and to provide the legal documentation required. Your Royal LePage REALTOR® can provide you with the names of legal professionals who specialize in real estate.

The legal process differs from province to province. Your REALTOR® or legal professional will advise you on the steps to be taken before the keys to your new home are presented to you.

Have the Home Inspected (optional)

Having the property inspected by a qualified home inspector will give you the added confidence that you've made the right decision (costs vary). When the procedure is complete, you may wish to ask for a full written report plus estimated costs for any necessary repairs.

With You at Every Step

Royal LePage REALTORS® bring invaluable knowledge and expertise to the home-buying experience - and are dedicated to your needs from the search and purchase to the move-in process. Please don't hesitate to call your Royal LePage office if you have any questions.

For more information about buying your next home, visit

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